National Association of Veterinary Technicians in America

:: NAVTA News ::

Hill's Strengthens Partnership with Minnesota Urolith Center; More than 85,000 canine and feline urinary stones analyzed in 2014

January 6, 2015 TOPEKA, Kan. (January 6, 2015) - Hill's Pet Nutrition, Inc. has extended its partnership with the Minnesota Urolith Center (MUC) to reduce the worldwide incidence of urinary disease in companion animals and to enhance the global veterinary care of pets wi
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2nd Annual NAVTA Case Presentations at NAVC; Saturday January 17, 2015

December 24, 2014 Join NAVTA and these superb veterinary technicians as they present some very interesting cases!
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:: Upcoming Events ::

Date: March 1, 2015
Veterinary Dental Radiographic Interpretation 5 Part Series ON DEMAND WEBINAR
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Date: March 1, 2015
Simple and Surgical Extractions in the Dog and Cat 5 Part Series ON DEMAND WEBINAR
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Date: March 1, 2015
Comprehensive Feline Dentistry 8 Part Series ON DEMAND WEBINAR
Learn More »



NAVTA Editorial Policies

The NAVTA Journal is a bi-monthly, peer-reviewed publication providing information pertinent to the veterinary healthcare team. We welcome articles on a variety of topics pertaining to veterinary technology. Please contact, before submitting articles to ensure that there is not another author working on the same topic. All articles are submitted with the understanding that The NAVTA Journal staff, CE editors and editorial board will edit as deemed necessary and appropriate.

The staff reserves the right to edit and print articles in the edition of their choice, based on editorial focus.


The corresponding author will receive two complimentary copies of the edition in which their article appears. Authors may purchase reprints; contact NAVTA for prices and information.

General Guidelines for Articles:

  • Articles should be typed and double spaced in Microsoft Word and submitted electronically via email to
  • Preference will be given to articles that complement our focus for that edition; however, we encourage authors to submit articles of any topic throughout the year.
  • Each individual listed as an author must have participated sufficiently in the creation and revision of the article or study. It is recommended that at least one author dealing with clinical topics must be a veterinary technician or higher level of education.
  • Acknowledgements can be used to identify contributions from individuals who do not quality for authorship.
  • Words to be abbreviated should be spelled out in full the first time they appear in the text, with the abbreviation given in parentheses. Thereafter, the abbreviation should be used. It is preferable to use abbreviations only when the word is used multiple times (i.e., more than three or four times).
  • Cite footnotes by superscript numbers in the order in which they appear in the text. Footnotes should be listed in numeric order just before the references section, but not listed more than once in the footnotes. For example, if five sources are used multiple times, each source is listed once in the footnotes with the source first cited in the article as number one and listed first, and so on.
  • Authors are asked to cite all quotations and references at the end of the article. Citations should be numbered in the order of their citation with superscript numbers. Follow the AMA Manual of Style format. *[Reference samples included below]
  • Supplementary materials, such as glossaries, may also be included.
  • Registered trademarks, copyrights, and so on, should be identified by the correct symbol.

*Citing References

Book—single author
Shepard TH. Catalog of Teratogenic Agents. 7th ed. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press; 1992.

Book—more than one author (list all authors if six or less, otherwise list first three followed by "et al.")
Baselt RC, Cravey RH. Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man. 4th ed. Foster City, CA: Chemical Toxicology Institute; 1995.

Book—with editors
Armitage JO, Antman KH, eds. High-dose Cancer Therapy: Pharmacology, Hematopoietins, Stem Cells. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins; 1995.

Chapter from a book
Degner LF, McWilliams ME. Challenges in conducting cross-national nursing research. In: Fitzpatrick JJ, Stevenson JS, Polis NS, eds. Nursing Research and its Utilization: International State of the Science. New York, NY: Springer; 1994:211-215.

Article from journal—single author
Moldofsky H. Sleep, neuroimmune and neuroendocrine functions in fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. Adv Neuroimmunol. 1995; 5:(1):39-56.

Article from journal—more than one author (list all authors if six or less, otherwise list first three followed by "et al.")
Raux H, Coulon P, Lafay F, Flamand A. Monoclonal antibodies which recognize the acidic configuration of the rabies glycoprotein at the surface of the virion can be neutralizing. Virology. 1995;210(2):400-408.

Monographic series
Davidoff RA. Migraine: Manifestations, Pathogenesis, and Management. Philadelphia, Pa: FA Davis; 1995. Contemporary Neurology Series, No. 42.

Online journals with volume and page information
Simon JA, Hudes ES. Relationship of ascorbic acid to blood lead levels. JAMA. 1999;281:2289-2293. http://url. Accessed July 11, 2009.

Online journals without volume and page information
Mast CT, DeMuro-Mercon C, Kelly CM, Floyd LE, Ealter EB. The impact of rotavirus gastroenteritis on the family. BMC Pediatrics. 2009;9:11. doi:10.1186/1471-2431-9-11.

Online website
King MW. The Medical Biochemistry Page. Updated July 14, 2009. Accessed July 14, 2009.

 Guidelines for Case Studies:  

  • Less than 750 words.
  • An unusual or extraordinary case in which a veterinary technician was involved.
  • Photos/images must be used to illustrate points (see photo requirements).
  • Technical information on symptoms, laboratory tests and results, surgery and outcomes must be included with the study.

Guidelines for Continuing Education Articles:

  • From 3,000 to 3,500 words (not including cutlines, breakout boxes, footnotes and so on).
  • May not have been published in any other trade publication words.
  • Minimum of two references.
  • Include drug footnotes.*
    • *Drug Footnotes - Products, equipment, and drugs should be identified by chemical or generic names or descriptions. A trade name may be included in a lettered footnote if that specific product, equipment or drug was essential for the outcome. For example, the article may reference aspirin. A drug footnote should be included with the manufacturer’s name and location [i.e.: city, state and country, if outside the US].
  • Authors must complete a RACE Presentor Biographical Form (PDF). Submit it via email to
  • Include a statement of purpose/objective for the CE article with specific information, concepts and/or skills that participants are expected to obtain when they complete the offering. Example:
    • Objective — Readers should gain an understanding of the pathophysiology of degenerative myelopathy (DM), its diagnosis, and the potential management options available. They will also be able to identify breed predispositions, signalment, and overall prognosis. Participants will obtain the knowledge needed to develop a skill-set for performing appropriate physical rehabilitation and for teaching owners how to perform physical rehabilitation on their pets at home with the intention of impacting quality of life. An understanding of the basic concepts and purpose of the rehabilitation exercises performed will be obtained.
  • Include 10 multiple choice questions for the continuing education quiz:
    • Four answers per question.
    • No true/false questions or “all of the above” or “none of the above.”
    • An answer with “a and b,” “c and d,” or other combination, is appropriate.
    • Highlight the correct answer for each question.

Review Process:

All continuing education articles and case studies are reviewed three ways before publication. The first is for readability, the second for scientific accuracy, and the third is by peers in the field. Throughout the process, the editor looks to communicate with the writer to make sure that edits stay true to the writer's voice and central message. However, the staff will edit as needed, based on the requirements for the publication and organization.

Book Reviews

  • Up to 500 words.
  • Photo of reviewer is recommended (300+dpi).
  • Use objective language (even if you do not like the book).
  • If you choose not to review the book, please return the book as soon as possible so that it may be reassigned to another reviewer.
  • Recommendations for books similar to the one being reviewed is appropriate.

Letters to the Editor

  • Address the letters to the editor, and email to
  • Must provide: Name, degree or certification, city and state and email address. NAVTA will not publish email addresses in the journal unless the author requests so in writing.

Photos, images and illustration guidelines:  

  • For print, photos/images must be 300+ dpi.
  • Digital photos only.
  • Journal cover photos must be vertical orientation.
  • We encourage authors to submit images and illustrations to supplement their article.
  • Tables, figures, photos and other images should be submitted as an individual high-resolution (>300 dpi) JPG or TIFF (do not embed within the article).
  • Captions/descriptions should be provided for each photo at the end of your document, not on the photo itself.
  • The author must obtain permission from individuals in the photos.
  • Identify individuals in the photos.


Readers who detect errors in The NAVTA Journal are encouraged to notify the editor-in-chief, Kara Burns at, immediately so that a correction can be published. NAVTA reserves the right to evaluate the reported error and determine whether it is indeed an error or a divergent opinion. Corrections of errors will be published in the next available issue, as well as posted online and linked to the original article in which the error occurred. If an error has occurred in an online quiz, corrections will be posted immediately.